Why are we so crazy about chess? Lots of reasons, but here’s one. Soon after learning the rules of the game, most chess coaches teach students how to take notation (writing down the moves of their games) so that they can review their games. Students are taught to play through their games and take notes about the impact of various moves. Students are also encouraged to go over games with peers and coaches and to input it into chess analysis software. In the process, students learn important metacognitive skills. Metacognition is usually defined as “thinking about thinking”. It includes skills that help you plan, organize, manage tasks, monitor work, troubleshoot issues, self-reflect, self-assess, figure out which strategies are effective, and direct your own learning. Playing chess is basically a metacognition learning lab (because you have to monitor and evaluate your strategies, manage your attention, etc.), but reviewing games take it to a whole new level. Not only that, but reviewing games reinforces the idea that making mistakes and learning from them is a natural part of the learning process.
Kazemi, Yektayar, Abad (2012) ~ References below abstract offer additional sources